It will be led by the Australian Law Reform Commission from October 1, Attorney-General George Brandis announced on Wednesday.
He said the review was necessary and long overdue, given there had been no comprehensive look at the Family Law Act since it came into effect in 1976.
“Australian families and their needs have significantly evolved since the 1970s,” Senator Brandis said in a statement.
The review, headed by Professor Helen Rhoades, was flagged in the May budget.
Its terms of reference are broad but will focus on making sure the family law system prioritises the best interests of children, best addresses family violence and child abuse, supports families and allows disputes to be resolved quickly and safely with minimal financial burden.
The federal government has asked the ALRC to consult widely with family law, family relationship and social support services, as well as health and other stakeholders with expertise and experience in the system.
The Australian Law Council welcomed the wholesale review but warned that any meaningful, long-term reform needed significant funding.
President Fiona McLeod said resourcing has not kept up with the increase in the number and complexity of family law cases.
“The Law Council looks forward to contributing to this review, however we note that any significant recommendations for reform will not be able to be implemented without corresponding funding,” she said in a statement.
The ALRC has been given until March 31, 2019 to report back.